Department of Addictology, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University
Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Faculty of Arts, Slovakia
Prevention science aims to provide an integrative understanding of human nature, individual differences between people, and the psychological structures and dynamics that characterise the individual. Psychology is the science of mind and behaviour, including maladaptive behaviour (e.g., substance use problems, sexual health and teenage pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, violence, accidents, suicide, mental ill health, delinquency, obesity, diet/nutrition, exercise etc.). In order to understand why maladaptive behaviours occur, how to reduce them and how to promote adaptive behaviours, prevention science draws on psychologyi nfancy through adulthood.
Psychology provides important insights to a trans-disciplinary “endeavour to consider aetiology, epidemiology, intervention design, effectiveness and implementation for the prevention of a variety of health and social problems.